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Updated 2018-06-19 04:17
Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
Since the publication of the first Disease Outbreak News on the Ebola outbreak in Equateur province, Democratic Republic of the Congo on 10 May 2018, an additional seven suspected cases have been notified by the country’s Ministry of Health. Importantly, since the last update, cases have been reviewed and reclassified, and some discarded.
Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
On 8 May 2018, WHO was notified by the Ministry of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo of two confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease occurring in Bikoro health zone, Equateur province.
Listeriosis – South Africa
Disease outbreak news for Listeriosis in South Africa update.
Dengue fever – Réunion, France
On 16 March 2018, WHO was notified by the International Health Regulations (2005) National Focal Point for France through the European Commission (EC) Early Warning and Response System (EWRS) about a sharp increase in the number of dengue cases reported in Réunion, France since the beginning of 2018.
Lassa Fever – Nigeria
From 1 January through 15 April 2018, 1849 suspected cases have been reported from 21 states (Abia, Adamawa, Anambra, Bauchi, Benue, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Federal Capital Territory, Gombe, Imo, Kaduna, Kogi, Lagos, Nasarawa, Ondo, Osun, Plateau, Rivers, and Taraba). Of these, 413 patients were confirmed with Lassa fever, nine were classified as probable 1422 tested negative and were classified as non-cases and for the five remaining suspect cases laboratory results are pending. Among the 413 confirmed and the nine probable Lassa fever cases, 114 deaths were reported (case fatality rate for confirmed cases is 25.4% and for confirmed and probable cases combined is 27%).
Listeriosis – Australia
On 2 March 2018, the Australian National Focal Point (NFP) notified WHO of an outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes infection (listeriosis) associated with the consumption of rockmelons (cantaloupe) from a single grower.
Cholera – Somalia
The ongoing cholera outbreak in Somalia started in December 2017. As of 18 March 2018, a total of 1613 cholera cases, including nine deaths (case fatality rate = 0.6 %), have been reported from four regions: Hiraan, Banadir, Lower Juba and Middle Shabelle.
Listeriosis – South Africa
Disease outbreak news for listeria in South Africa.
Lassa Fever – Nigeria
From 1 January through 18 March 2018, 1495 suspected cases and 119 deaths have been reported from 19 states (Anambra, Bauchi, Benue, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Federal Capital Territory, Gombe, Imo, Kaduna, Kogi, Lagos, Nasarawa, Ondo, Osun, Plateau, Rivers, and Taraba). During this period 376 patients were confirmed, nine were classified as probable, 1084 tested negative and 26 are awaiting laboratory results (pending). Among the 376 cases classified as confirmed and nine classified as probable, 95 deaths were reported (case fatality rate for confirmed and probable cases = 24.7%).
Human infection with a seasonal reassortant A(H1N2) influenza virus – Netherlands
On 20 March 2018, the National International Health Regulations focal point for the Netherlands notified WHO about a human infected with a new reassortant A(H1N2) of seasonal influenza viruses that was detected in the routine sentinel influenza surveillance for influenza-like illness and other acute respiratory infections in the Netherlands. The patient is a child aged less than two years old, who had onset of symptoms in early March 2018. He was seen by a general practitioner, but did not require hospitalization and has fully recovered.
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Oman
Disease news outbreak for MERS_CoV in Oman.
Yellow fever – Brazil
Disease news outbreak for Yellow fever in Brazil.
Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 – Somalia
Circulation of vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) has been confirmed in Somalia. Disease news outbreak for Somalia.
Cholera – Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
From 25 November 2017 through 23 February 2018, 1065 cases including 43 deaths (case fatality rate = 4%) have been reported from 32 out of 35 health zones in Kinshasa province. From 25 November 2017 through 15 February 2018, 177 stool specimens were collected for testing at the Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale (INRB). Out of the total stool specimens, 83 tested positive for Vibrio cholerae, 83 tested negative, and 11 are currently being analysed.
Lassa Fever – Nigeria
From 1 January through 25 February 2018, 1081 suspected cases and 90 deaths have been reported from 18 states (Anambra, Bauchi, Benue, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekite, Federal Capital Territory, Gombe, Imo, Kogi, Lagos, Nasarawa, Ondo, Osun, Plateau, Rivers, and Taraba). During this period, 317 cases have been classified as confirmed and eight as probable, including 72 deaths (case fatality rate for confirmed and probable cases = 22%). A total of 2845 contacts have been identified in 18 states.
Yellow fever – Brazil
During the first four weeks of 2018, a rapid increase in the number of confirmed human cases of yellow fever was observed in the states of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, and Minas Gerais. From 1 July 2017 through 16 February 2018, 464 confirmed human cases of yellow fever have been reported in Brazil, including 154 deaths. Confirmed cases were reported in São Paulo (181 cases, including 53 deaths), Minas Gerais (225 cases, including 76 deaths), and Rio de Janeiro (57 cases, including 24 deaths) states and in the Federal District (1 fatal case). Unlike the previous seasonal period, the current seasonal period has been characterized by more cases reported in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro states along with the occurrence of cases in areas near large cities.
Chikungunya – Mombasa, Kenya
From mid-December 2017 through 3 February 2018, the Ministry of Health (MoH) of Kenya reported 453 cases, including 32 laboratory-confirmed cases and 421 suspected cases, of chikungunya from Mombasa County.
Rift Valley fever – Gambia
On 3 January 2018, the Ministry of Health (MoH), Senegal notified WHO of a case of Rift Valley fever, a 52-year-old Korean man who was a resident of Gambia. The case was reported from a hospital in Dakar.
Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N4) virus – China
On 14 February 2018, the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified the World Health Organization (WHO) of one case of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N4) virus. This is the first human case of avian influenza A(H7N4) infection to be reported worldwide.
Lassa fever – Liberia
On 9 January 2018, a patient from Guinea with fever, neck pain, body pain and vomiting was admitted to a hospital in Ganta in Nimba County, Liberia. The patient was treated with Ribavirin until her death on 11 January 2018. The patient first experienced symptoms on 29 December 2017. Prior to hospitalization in Liberia, she sought medical care at a health facility in Diécké in N'Zérékore Region, Guinea where she was treated for typhoid and malaria.
Cholera – Mozambique
On 27 October 2017, the Ministry of Health in Mozambique notified WHO of an outbreak of cholera. From 14 August 2017 through 11 February 2018, 1799 cases and one death (case fatality rate = 0.06%) of cholera were reported from the two provinces; Nampula (1580 cases) and Cabo Delgado (219 cases). Underreporting of the number of cases and deaths is likely. This outbreak has been confirmed by Rapid Diagnostic Tests and culture.
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia
Between 9 December 2017 and 17 January 2018, the National IHR Focal Point of The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia reported 20 additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), including nine deaths. In addition, one death from a previously reported case was reported to WHO.
Yellow fever – Brazil
Disease news outbreak for yellow fever in Brazil.
Hepatitis E – Namibia
During the week ending on 13 October 2017, the first identified case was admitted to a public hospital in Windhoek district, with signs and symptoms of hepatitis E. During the week ending on 8 January 2018, a total of 237 probable and confirmed cases have been seen at various health facilities in Windhoek district with the same signs and symptoms. All suspected patients tested negative for hepatitis A, B, and C. A total of 41 of the 237 cases were sent for further testing, and on 8 January 2018, the results showed 21 were IgM positive for hepatitis E. On 19 November 2017, there was one confirmed deceased case, a 26 year-old female, and four days prior to her death she had delivered a baby. The status of the baby is unknown. The majority of the cases were from Windhoek district, Khomas region.
Cholera – United Republic of Tanzania
Disease news outbreak for Cholera in the United Republic of Tanzania
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Malaysia
Disease News Outbreak on Middle East coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Malaysia.
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – United Arab Emirates
On 11 December 2017, the National IHR Focal Point of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) reported one additional case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection.
Yellow fever – Nigeria
Disease outbreak news for yellow fever in Nigeria
Diphtheria – Yemen
Disease outbreak news for diphtheria in yemen
Outbreak of <i>Salmonella</i> Agona infections linked to internationally distributed infant formula – France
Disease outbreak news for an outbreak of Salmonella Agona infections linked to internationally distributed infant formula in France
Monkeypox – Nigeria
Disease outbreak news for monkeypox in Nigeria
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia
Disease outbreak news for MERS-CoV in Saudi Arabia
Diphtheria – Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh
Disease Outbreak News for Diphtheria in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh
Cholera – Kenya
Disease news outbreak for cholera in Kenya.
Cholera – Zambia
Disease news outbreak for cholera in Zambia.
Plague – Madagascar
Disease Outbreak News Plague Madagascar
Yellow fever – Brazil
Yellow fever in Brazil, 24 November 2017
Marburg virus disease – Uganda and Kenya
Disease Outbreak News Uganda Kenya Marburg virus disease
Plague – Madagascar
Plague Madagascar DON
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Oman
Disease Outbreak News for Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in Oman
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia
Update on MERS CoV in Saudi Arabia, 7 November 2017
Marburg virus disease – Uganda and Kenya
Update on Marburg virus disease outbreak in Uganda and Kenya, 7 November 2017
Dengue fever – Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso has been experiencing an epidemic of dengue fever since week 31 of 2017 (week ending on 6 August). WHO officially declared the outbreak on 28 September 2017.
Plague – Madagascar
Disease Outbreak News on Plague in Madagascar
Seychelles – Suspected Plague (Ex- Madagascar)
Madagascar is experiencing a large outbreak of plague affecting major cities and other non-endemic areas since August 2017. This outbreak carries a moderate risk of spread to neighbouring Indian Ocean islands which is mitigated naturally by the short incubation period of pneumonic plague and the institution of exit screening measures at the airport and other major ports.
Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China
On 8 and 15 September 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of two additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.
Marburg virus disease – Uganda
On 17 October 2017, the Ugandan Ministry of Health notified WHO of a confirmed outbreak of Marburg virus disease in Kween District, Eastern Uganda. The Ministry for Health officially declared the outbreak on 19 October 2017.
Seychelles – Suspected Plague (Ex- Madagascar)
On 10 October 2017, the Seychellois Ministry of Health notified WHO of a probable case of pneumonic plague. The probable case is a 34-year-old man who had visited Madagascar and returned to Seychelles on 6 October 2017. He developed symptoms on 9 October 2017 and presented to a local health centre. Based on a medical examination and reported history of recent travel to Madagascar, pneumonic plague infection was suspected and he was immediately referred to hospital where he was isolated and treated.
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia
Between 31 August and 26 September 2017, the national IHR focal point of Saudi Arabia reported nine additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), including four deaths. In addition, four deaths from previously reported cases were reported.
Plague – Madagascar
From 23 August to 30 September 2017, a total of 73 suspected, probable, and confirmed cases of pneumonic plague, including 17 deaths have been reported in Madagascar. The diagnosis was confirmed by the Institut Pasteur de Madagascar by polymerase chain reaction test or using rapid diagnostic test.
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