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Updated 2018-11-13 22:21
Study finds hepatitis C treatment could be cut in half in 50 percent of patients
Hepatitis C drugs cure more than 90 percent of patients, but can cost more than $50,000 per patient. Findings from a new study could lead to significant cost savings. Preliminary data from the study, co-led by a theoretical modeling researcher from Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine and Loyola Medicine, found that in 50 […]The post Study finds hepatitis C treatment could be cut in half in 50 percent of patients appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Chikungunya cases rise in southern Thailand
In a follow-up on the chikungunya situation in Thailand, health officials report 538 people had been diagnosed with the virus in the southern provinces for the first 10 months of the year. The bulk of the cases have been reported in Satun, Narathiwat, Songkhla and to a lesser extent in Trang. The Bureau of Epidemiology puts the […]The post Chikungunya cases rise in southern Thailand appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Mexico: Brucellosis cases up in the Middle Zone
During all of 2017, Mexican health officials reported seven human brucellosis cases in the region known as MIddle Zone. However, so far in 2018, at least a dozen cases have been reported, according to a Plano Informativo report this week (computer translated). During 2018, the municipalities with the highest incidence are Cerritos and Villa Juárez. The […]The post Mexico: Brucellosis cases up in the Middle Zone appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Malaria: 300K bednets sent to Amazon Region of Brazil
The action will urgently address 34 municipalities in the Amazon Region that have concentrated around 80% of Brazil’s malaria cases. The Amazon Region will receive from the Ministry of Health 300,000 bed nets impregnated with long-lasting insecticides (MILD) as a complementary strategy to combat malaria. The action planned for this month of November aims to serve 364,500 people from 34 […]The post Malaria: 300K bednets sent to Amazon Region of Brazil appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Brazil: Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerias and São Paulo are among the areas at risk for yellow fever
The period of greatest transmission of yellow fever is from December to March. Metropolitan regions of Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerias and São Paulo are among the areas at risk of infection, Brazil health officials warned today. The population living in areas recommended for the yellow fever vaccine should seek vaccination before the beginning of summer, […]The post Brazil: Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerias and São Paulo are among the areas at risk for yellow fever appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Antibiotic resistance: Survey says 81 percent of Americans concerned
Nearly two thirds of Americans (65%) say antibiotic resistance is a public health problem and a strong majority (81%) say they are concerned that antibiotic resistance will make more infections difficult or impossible to treat and even deadly, according to a national public opinion survey commissioned by Research!America in collaboration with the Infectious Disease Society of America […]The post Antibiotic resistance: Survey says 81 percent of Americans concerned appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Dengue outbreak in Senegal includes CDC travel notice
The dengue fever outbreak in Senegal continues, with the disease being confirmed in new districts. As of 3 November 2018, the cumulative number of suspected cases is 2,123, of which 216 are confirmed. Six regions are currently reporting confirmed cases: Diourbel (169), Fatick (34), St Louis (6), Dakar (3), Louga (3) and Thiès (1). So far, […]The post Dengue outbreak in Senegal includes CDC travel notice appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Measles outbreak in Thailand: More than 1,500 cases in the South
Thailand health officials continue to work to contain a measles outbreak in the southern provinces, in which some 1,500 cases have been reported, including 12 deaths. The morbidity rate in Yala province is 132.61 / 100,000 population, by far the highest in the country. The majority of patients are babies and children who have not […]The post Measles outbreak in Thailand: More than 1,500 cases in the South appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Ebola death toll tops 200
In an update on the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituru provinces in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the Ministry of Health reported the death toll in the outbreak topped 200 on Friday, with the tally at 205 as of Nov. 10. Since the beginning of the epidemic, the cumulative […]The post Ebola death toll tops 200 appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
China: African swine fever outbreak reported in Anhui Province
An African swine fever outbreak has been reported on a large pig farm in Qingyang county, Anhui Province in eastern China. According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (computer translated), the farm has 8339 live pigs, with 96 diseases and 47 deaths. Immediately after the outbreak, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs sent a steering group to […]The post China: African swine fever outbreak reported in Anhui Province appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Adenovirus outbreaks top 40 cases in NJ facilities
Since our last update on the adenovirus outbreaks at two New Jersey facilities–the Wanaque Center for Nursing and Rehabilitation in Haskell and Voorhees Pediatric Facility–three additional cases in residents have been reported. This brings the total cases to 42 (Wanaque Center-34, Voorhees–8). The death toll remains at 10, all at the Haskell facility. The two […]The post Adenovirus outbreaks top 40 cases in NJ facilities appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Heart complications in patients with bacterial pneumonia more serious than in patients with viral pneumonia
Heart complications in patients diagnosed with bacterial pneumonia are more serious than in patients diagnosed with viral pneumonia, according to new research from the Intermountain Heart Institute at Intermountain Medical Center in Salt Lake City. In the study of nearly 5,000 patients, researchers found that patients diagnosed with bacterial pneumonia had a 60 percent greater […]The post Heart complications in patients with bacterial pneumonia more serious than in patients with viral pneumonia appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Alaska: RSV Workgroup recommend Synagis for qualifying children to start now
An Alaska Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Workgroup of health care providers and public health officials reviewed RSV seasonality data in past years this September and recommended administration of palivizumab (Synagis®) to qualifying infants and children during November 28, 2018 through May 22, 2019, to provide the best coverage for RSV prevention in Alaska. The Workgroup […]The post Alaska: RSV Workgroup recommend Synagis for qualifying children to start now appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Outbreak News This Week Radio Show 11-18-18
Measles, measles and more measles. On today’s show, I look at the measles situation here in the states and in Israel and Asia. I also look at a paper that demonstrates the importance of herd immunity. I play part of an older interview with an infection preventionist on measles. I look at some local hepatitis […]The post Outbreak News This Week Radio Show 11-18-18 appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Salmonella: Brazilian researchers identify 39 genes responsible for antibiotic resistance
Brazil’s Ministry of Health received reports of 11,524 outbreaks of foodborne diseases between 2000 and 2015, with 219,909 individuals falling sick and 167 dying from the diseases in question. Bacteria caused most outbreaks of such illnesses, including diarrhea and gastroenteritis. The most frequent were Salmonella spp., with 31,700 cases diagnosed in the period (14.4% of […]The post Salmonella: Brazilian researchers identify 39 genes responsible for antibiotic resistance appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Hepatitis A cases rise in Hong Kong
Hong Kong health officials are alerting the public to an increase in hepatitis A cases since October 1. Since that time, 14 cases have been reported, while the previous none months saw just 1-5 cases per month. The 14 cases recorded from October 1 to yesterday affected eight males and six females with ages ranging […]The post Hepatitis A cases rise in Hong Kong appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Michigan reports 15 measles cases in 2018, Highest number since 1994
The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) has confirmed 15 cases of measles in Michigan so far in 2018, the highest level the state has seen since 1994 when 26 cases were reported. Measles is a vaccine-preventable respiratory infection that can result in hospitalization, pneumonia, encephalitis and death. The illness has a 10–21 […]The post Michigan reports 15 measles cases in 2018, Highest number since 1994 appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Infectious disease news: Top 5 posts for the week Nov. 3- Nov. 9
Here are the top five posts on Outbreak News Today for the week Nov. 3 through Nov. 9: 5. K-State rower, Samantha Scott, dies from rare Lemierre syndrome I address the question, What is Lemierre syndrome? in this short article after a Kansas State University student died suddenly. 4. Three measles cases reported in Spartanburg County: All children, all unvaccinated This […]The post Infectious disease news: Top 5 posts for the week Nov. 3- Nov. 9 appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Mayaro virus: Penn State researchers suggest spread into other areas of the world
Mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles are well known as primary vectors of malaria. But a new study suggests that Anopheles species, including some found in the United States, also are capable of carrying and transmitting an emerging pathogen, Mayaro virus, which has caused outbreaks of disease in South America and the Caribbean. Mayaro virus — which can cause fever, […]The post Mayaro virus: Penn State researchers suggest spread into other areas of the world appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Naegleria fowleri death reported in California
Mono County, California health officials are reporting a death of a child who contracted the “brain-eating amoeba”, Naegleria fowleri. According to a KOLO 8 report, The child who died last weekend, only described as being from Southern California, suffered a rare infection called primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) and tested positive for Naegleria fowleri. The child’s only known […]The post Naegleria fowleri death reported in California appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Ebola: Uganda begins vaccinating frontline health workers
The Uganda Ministry of Health (MoH), with support from the World Health Organization (WHO) has started vaccinating frontline health workers against the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD). The exercise, has began Wednesday in Ntoroko district and will initially be implemented in the five high risk districts ( Bundibugyo, Kabarole, Kasese, Ntoroko and Bunyangabu) bordering the Democratic […]The post Ebola: Uganda begins vaccinating frontline health workers appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Gonorrhea: Oregon State University researchers closer to a vaccine
In a study of proteins historic in its scope, researchers at Oregon State University have pushed closer both to a vaccine for gonorrhea and toward understanding why the bacteria that cause the disease are so good at fending off antimicrobial drugs. The findings, published in Molecular and Cellular Proteomics, are especially important since the microbe, Neisseria […]The post Gonorrhea: Oregon State University researchers closer to a vaccine appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Greece reports nine recent locally acquired malaria cases
Greek health officials have reported nine autochthonous non-Plasmodium falciparum malaria cases since August. Case investigation of the nine introduced cases (eight P.vivax and one P.non-falciparum) suggests the following: one P.vivax case with probable exposure at the Municipal Unit of Tichero, Municipality of Soufli, Regional Unit (RU) of Evros, with onset of symptoms the week of 20-26/08/2018 one P.vivax […]The post Greece reports nine recent locally acquired malaria cases appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Jerusalem measles: Doctors ‘afraid they’re losing control’
In an update on the measles outbreak in Israel, more than 1,400 measles cases have been reported in the country, with a large portion being from Jerusalem, according to an Haaretz report. The report notes, in October, there were almost 700 known cases. The most significant outbreaks were in ultra-Orthodox neighborhoods of Jerusalem, Beit Shemesh […]The post Jerusalem measles: Doctors ‘afraid they’re losing control’ appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Serbia reports 23 measles cases in past month
In an update on the ongoing measles outbreak in the Republic of Serbia, Institute of Public Health of Serbia reported (computer translated) 23 additional measles cases in October–17 in Belgrade and six in Pancevo. This brings the total to 5764 cases, including 2912 laboratory confirmed, since October 2017, with nearly 5000 cases occurring in 2018 . The majority of patients […]The post Serbia reports 23 measles cases in past month appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Vancouver: Public safety advisory issued over botulism risk with Betty’s King Sauce
Vancouver Coastal Health is warning customers about a sauce being prepared out of a home in Richmond, which could cause botulism. Betty’s King Sauce is considered unsafe because of the potential to grow Clostridium botulinum bacteria. Sales have been online from various social media accounts (Instagram, Facebook) and through a public website dating back to […]The post Vancouver: Public safety advisory issued over botulism risk with Betty’s King Sauce appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Adenovirus outbreaks in New Jersey: Two additional cases reported
Adenoviruses are common viruses that can cause a range of illnesses. They can cause cold-like symptoms, sore throat, bronchitis, pneumonia, diarrhea, and pink eye (conjunctivitis). You can get an adenovirus infection at any age. People with weakened immune systems or existing respiratory or cardiac disease are more likely than others to get very sick from an adenovirus […]The post Adenovirus outbreaks in New Jersey: Two additional cases reported appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Brazil: Family of seven contract Chagas disease from acaí
The State Department of Public Health (Sespa) confirmed on Sunday that a family of seven from Curralinho, Marajó contracted the parasitic infection, Chagas disease, after comsuming contaminated acai The seven include father, mother and children, according to a G1 Globo report (computer translated). According to Sespa, the diagnosed patients are already under treatment. Sespa also said he […]The post Brazil: Family of seven contract Chagas disease from acaí appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Acute flaccid myelitis in Illinois: 3 confirmed cases
The Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) is reporting that of the 16 people under investigation for Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM) in Illinois this year, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has confirmed three cases, classified one as probable AFM, and declared two not to be AFM cases. Ten cases remain under investigation. […]The post Acute flaccid myelitis in Illinois: 3 confirmed cases appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Measles in Rockland County: 55 cases, Increased school exclusions
At the end of September 2018, an international traveler arrived in Rockland County with a suspected case of the measles. There have been additional cases of measles from international travelers to Rockland, exposing more people to measles. People who are unvaccinated risk getting infected with measles and spreading it to others. These cases are presently […]The post Measles in Rockland County: 55 cases, Increased school exclusions appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Hepatitis A outbreak continues to grow in Massachusetts
In a follow-up on the Massachusetts hepatitis A outbreak, the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (MDPH) says since April 2018, 141 cases of acute hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection have been reported. Outbreak cases have been reported in individuals with recent experience of homelessness, unstable housing, and/or substance use disorder. Three deaths have been attributed to […]The post Hepatitis A outbreak continues to grow in Massachusetts appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Pakistan reports two additional polio cases, Global total rises to 27
Two new cases of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) have been reported this week in Pakistan. Both cases are from FATA province, with onset of paralysis on 1 September and 7 October respectively. The total number of WPV1 cases in 2018 in the country now stands at eight. Including the 19 cases reported in Afghanistan, […]The post Pakistan reports two additional polio cases, Global total rises to 27 appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
West Virginia hepatitis A outbreak update
The hepatitis A outbreak in West Virginia topped the 1,000 case mark in late August. Since that time, an additional 750 or so cases have been reported. As of Friday, the West Virginia Bureau for Public Health has reported 1,774 outbreak cases since March, including five deaths. More than half required hospitalization. The increase in cases has […]The post West Virginia hepatitis A outbreak update appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Legionnaires’ update: 32 cases and one death in Lower Washington Heights
In a follow-up on the Legionnaires’ disease outbreak in Lower Washington Heights in Manhattan, New York City health officials report a doubling of cases in the past month. Thirty-two people have been diagnosed with the infection since late September, including one fatality. Officials continue to investigate the outbreak and test cooling tower water samples in […]The post Legionnaires’ update: 32 cases and one death in Lower Washington Heights appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Ebola ‘fingerstick’ test receives FDA emergency use authorization
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced that an emergency use authorization (EUA) has been issued for a rapid, single-use test for the detection of Ebola virus (Zaire ebolavirus). The test, called the DPP Ebola Antigen System, is used with blood specimens, including capillary “fingerstick” whole blood, from individuals with signs and symptoms of Ebola virus disease (EVD) […]The post Ebola ‘fingerstick’ test receives FDA emergency use authorization appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Lymphatic filariasis: Single 3 pill ‘cocktail’ more effective at killing microscopic larval worms
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have shown that a single “cocktail” of three pill-based anti-parasite medications is significantly more effective at killing microscopic larval worms in people diagnosed with lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis, than other standard two-drug combinations previously used in the global effort to eliminate this infectious disease. […]The post Lymphatic filariasis: Single 3 pill ‘cocktail’ more effective at killing microscopic larval worms appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Rabies death reported in Utah, First since 1944
Utah public health officials have confirmed a Utah resident died from rabies earlier this month. It is suspected exposure to a bat was the source of infection. This is the first Utah resident to die from rabies since 1944. In Utah, people and animals are most likely to come into contact with rabies through exposure […]The post Rabies death reported in Utah, First since 1944 appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
South Carolina: Measles cases rise in Spartanburg County, First flu-related death reported
Measles In a follow-up on the measles situation in Spartanburg County, SC, The South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) is now reporting a doubling of measles cases in the county, bringing the total to six. Individuals who had measles visited local urgent care facilities while they were infectious. If you visited AFC at 1667 […]The post South Carolina: Measles cases rise in Spartanburg County, First flu-related death reported appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Meningitis B confirmed in two students at the University of Bristol
Two cases of meningitis B have been confirmed in students at the University of Bristol. Both students, who are friends, have been receiving treatment in hospital in Cardiff and are recovering well, University officials said. Public Health England’s (PHE) health protection team has worked with the University to identify close contacts of the cases (students who share […]The post Meningitis B confirmed in two students at the University of Bristol appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Pennsylvania, Allegheny County investigate hepatitis A outbreak
The Pennsylvania Department of Health (DOH) and the Allegheny County Health Department (ACHD) are investigating a hepatitis A outbreak. So far in 2018, Pennsylvania has had 81 hepatitis A cases reported to date which is an 80% increase in cases reported from the same time period in the previous 5 years. Allegheny County has had eight […]The post Pennsylvania, Allegheny County investigate hepatitis A outbreak appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Ocean County measles outbreak rises to six
In a follow-up on the Ocean County, New Jersey measles outbreak, New Jersey state health officials report two additional confirmed measles cases, bringing the total to six. These individuals could have exposed others to the infection while in Ocean County between Oct. 28 and Nov. 1. Health officials warn anyone who visited the following locations may […]The post Ocean County measles outbreak rises to six appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Pennsylvania: School science fair project finds Toxocara eggs in Montgomery County parks
A science fair experiment by a Schwenksville, Pennsylvania teen discovered high concentration parasite eggs in the soil of a number of Montgomery County parks and led to a poster abstract at this year’s IDWeek 2018. The research comes from 13-year-old Devyn Stek, a student at St. Teresa of Calcutta School in Schwenksville, about an hour outside […]The post Pennsylvania: School science fair project finds Toxocara eggs in Montgomery County parks appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Investigational oral antibiotic, zoliflodacin, cured most cases of uncomplicated gonorrhea in Phase 2 trials
An investigational oral antibiotic called zoliflodacin was well-tolerated and successfully cured most cases of uncomplicated gonorrhea when tested in a Phase 2 multicenter clinical trial, according to findings published today in the New England Journal of Medicine. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, sponsored the clinical […]The post Investigational oral antibiotic, zoliflodacin, cured most cases of uncomplicated gonorrhea in Phase 2 trials appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
African swine fever, China and the risk to the US
African swine fever, or ASF, appeared for the first time in China over the summer and since that time, more than 50 outbreaks of ASF have been reported in domestic pigs in 13 provinces of China. Back in September, the UN warned at the time that the swine fever situation was “just the tip of […]The post African swine fever, China and the risk to the US appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Salmonella outbreak sickens five people in three states, Duncan Hines cake mix investigated to determine link
Federal and state health officials report investigating a multistate outbreak of Salmonella Agbeni infections. To date, five illnesses were reported from three states: Maryland, Ohio, and Wisconsin. None of the ill people were hospitalized, and none died. The investigation is ongoing to determine if these illnesses are linked to Duncan Hines cake mix. On November […]The post Salmonella outbreak sickens five people in three states, Duncan Hines cake mix investigated to determine link appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
PAHO on malaria: ‘Efforts must be stepped-up where incidences of the disease have increased’
Paraguay was certified as having eliminated malaria from its territory in June of this year and several others–Argentina, Belize, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Mexico and Suriname are potentially on their way to achieving elimination by 2020. Other countries, especially Venezuela, have recorded an increase in the number of cases of malaria, which puts at […]The post PAHO on malaria: ‘Efforts must be stepped-up where incidences of the disease have increased’ appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Botulinum toxin: Researchers discover potential antidote for most poisonous bacterial toxin
Researchers have identified a compound that strongly inhibits botulinum neurotoxin, the most toxic compound known. That inhibiting compound, nitrophenyl psoralen (NPP), could be used as a treatment to reduce paralysis induced by botulism. Botulinum neurotoxin is considered a potential bioweapon because there is no FDA-approved antidote. The research is published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, a […]The post Botulinum toxin: Researchers discover potential antidote for most poisonous bacterial toxin appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Arkansas reports 3 confirmed Acute Flaccid Myelitis cases
The Arkansas Department of Health (ADH) reports that of the five suspected cases of Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM) this year, three have been confirmed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), while the other two have been determined to not be cases. Of the three confirmed cases, two are from the *Northwest region of the state, […]The post Arkansas reports 3 confirmed Acute Flaccid Myelitis cases appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
North Carolina reports 1st hepatitis A fatality linked to ongoing outbreak
In North Carolina, health officials have reported an increase in hepatitis A cases in 2018–64 through October, compared to a 5-year average of 41. In addition, the state is in the middle of an ongoing outbreak that has sickened 37. On Tuesday, state health officials reported the first hepatitis A death linked to this outbreak. […]The post North Carolina reports 1st hepatitis A fatality linked to ongoing outbreak appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
Detroit: Measles warning issued, Two confirmed cases
Health officials warned of a potential measles exposure yesterday after receiving confirmation about two measles cases in Oakland County residents. The cases arrived on a flight at Detroit Metro Airport (DTW) on Oct. 23 at approximately 5:00 p.m. Oakland County officials advise individuals who were possibly exposed to watch for symptoms for 21 days after the exposure. […]The post Detroit: Measles warning issued, Two confirmed cases appeared first on Outbreak News Today.
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